Consequent upon the decision of the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India to implement the Continuing Veterinary Education (CVE) programmes, an activity of Professional Efficiency Development Scheme„ through Veterinary Council of India as its nodal agency in the country, it has been decided to implement the skill based training programmes or, diagnosis of livestock and poultry diseases having zoonotic importance at the first instance The primary objective of these trainings is to upgrade the knowledge and skill of the registered Veterinary practitioners aimed at improving quality of Veterinary services through efficient and effective diagnosis of the diseases.
Avian influenza viruses are members of the family Orthomyxoviridae and are classified as type A. Further subtyping is based on the antigenicity of two surface glvcoproteins haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). Based on their pathogenic potential these viruses are classified as highly pathogenic and low pathogenic. The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is a highly contagious generalized viral disease generally caused by H5 or H7 subtypes of influenza A virus. The disease, a notifiable disease under OIE guidelines, may cause high mortality m birds, with respiratory, gastrointestinal and/or nervous signs. Wild aquatic birds such as waterfowls and shore birds are recognized as important reservoirs for avian influenza virus but rarely display clinical signs of infection, This disease poses a serious risk of spreading to human beings and thus, is very important from public health point of view and has been a major concern globally.
This Module for a four-day training programme developed and finalized by the experts in the subject emphasizes on the procedures for collection and despatch of laboratory materials, reporting of incidence, different diagnostic techniques and their interpretations, and the bio-security precautions to be followed by the Veterinarians while handling the suspected material/disease outbreak.